University of Bayreuth, Press Release No 130/2021 20 September 2021
University of Bayreuth makes an important contribution to the selection of future country doctors and public medical officers
A shortage of doctors is particularly evident in rural areas and in the public health sector (ÖGD). Consequently, the Free State of Bavaria is seeking to set a course for aspiring medics during their studies to attract more young people into these fields of activity, having already reformed the selection process for medical studies in Bavaria in 2019. The Institute of Medical Management & Health Sciences (IMG) at the University of Bayreuth played a key role in this. For the first time, it has now carried out the selection of suitable medical students for the whole of Bavaria, in close coordination with the State Office for Health and Food Safety (LGL) within the framework of the so-called "rural doctor and ÖGD quota". 130 applicants are now beginning their medical studies this winter semester - without having to have achieved the numerus clausus – paving the way for a future in rural areas or in public health services.
The Institute for Medical Management and Health Sciences (IMG) at the University of Bayreuth was significantly involved in the selection of suitable medical students within the framework of the so-called "rural doctor quota".
Because many young prospective doctors, especially those aspiring to serve in urban areas and large hospitals, often do not consider working as a practising doctor in rural areas or in the public health service (ÖGD), the Bavarian state parliament introduced the so-called "rural doctor and ÖGD quota" in 2019. These are study places reserved for those who, at an early stage, decide to work in a rural area that is under-supplied or threatened by under-supply after completing their studies. Thanks to a successful selection process, 130 selected applicants are now looking forward to starting their studies in the 2021/2022 winter semester at one of the six medical faculties in Bavaria.
In a multi-stage selection process, numerous evaluation criteria were applied, but not the applicants' Abitur (A-levels) grades. This was intended to identify, in particular, those candidates who have demonstrated great interest in working as a doctor, for example, through prior vocational training in health care and nursing. Doctor-relevant competencies were the focus of the evaluation and characterised the Bayreuth selection interviews. Several mini-interviews and a final individual interview had to be completed, in which realistic everyday professional scenarios were devised to reflect the competency profile and motivation of the applicants. Objective assessment was ensured by independent medical experts with many years of professional experience who had previously completed a dedicated training course.
The challenge, due to the coronavirus pandemic, was that face-to-face events were not feasible as usual, so a virtual-hybrid selection design was developed and implemented by the IMG. "The core idea was always that the selection interviews take place safely," emphasises Prof. Dr. mult. Eckhard Nagel, Executive Director of IMG, "safe in the sense of infection control, and in the sense of planning and implementation for all actors involved. We are convinced that we have identified and selected highly suitable applicants on the basis of the overall selection process, and have thus made an important contribution to society," says Professor Nagel.